Destination Earth
Our planet's digital twin

DestinE and the role of ECMWF

The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) is one of three Entrusted Entities delivering Destination Earth (DestinE), the ambitious initiative of the European Union to create a digital twin or replica of the Earth system, together with the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), under the leadership of DG CNECT.

ECMWF, building on nearly five decades of progress in numerical weather prediction, Earth system observations and high-performance computing, is responsible for developing the first two high-priority digital twins, on Weather-Induced Extremes and Climate Change Adaptation, as well as the Digital Twin Engine, enhancing the EU’s digital capabilities and supporting adaptation strategies to meet the challenges of climate change and extreme weather events.


Use Cases by ECMWF

With dedicated "Use Cases" in the frame of Destination Earth, ECMWF ensures that the digital twins are built taking into account the gaps in information needs of different users for different impact sector areas.

Wildfires Evolution

Providing a refined view of wildfire risks in a changing climate.


The Harvester Seasons service for forestry, a web based service, developed by Finnish Meteorological Institute FMI, provided a Destination Earth Use Case with new high-resolution maps for forest trafficability over Europe.

Urban Heat Island Effect

This use case provides high-resolution urban heat maps for cities across Europe to underpin and motivate urban climate adaptation measures that are being developed.

Energy Systems

To make power system resilient to meteorological events happening on short time scales and climate change, this use case intends to improve energy system modelling for grid planning and resources adequacy assessment.

Onshore & Offshore Wind Energy Information

Providing information on key global indicators relevant to the wind farm industry at various temporal and spatial scales.

Simulating the Future of Extreme Events

Developing a catalogue of simulated extreme events with information from the high-resolution Climate DT data stream.