Destination Earth
Our planet's digital twin

DestinE and the role of ECMWF

The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) is one of three Entrusted Entities delivering Destination Earth (DestinE), the ambitious initiative of the European Union to create a digital twin or replica of the Earth system, together with the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), under the leadership of DG CNECT.

ECMWF, building on nearly five decades of progress in numerical weather prediction, Earth system observations and high-performance computing, is responsible for developing the first two high-priority digital twins, on Weather-Induced Extremes and Climate Change Adaptation, as well as the Digital Twin Engine, enhancing the EU’s digital capabilities and supporting adaptation strategies to meet the challenges of climate change and extreme weather events.


Use Cases by ECMWF

With dedicated "Use Cases" in the frame of Destination Earth, ECMWF ensures that the digital twins are built taking into account the gaps in information needs of different users for different impact sector areas.

Urban Heat Island Effect

This use case intends to provide high-resolution urban heat maps for cities across Europe to underpin and motivate urban climate adaptation measures that are being developed.

Heat map

Destination Earth Adaptation Modelling Framework for Heat Stress Exposure 

TECNALIA* research organisation will use Destination Earth’s Climate Adaptation digital twin (Climate DT) to develop an interactive tool supporting decision-makers in the assessment of different

Disaster Risk Mitigation & Climate Adaptation

This DestinE Use Case provides an opportunity to obtain higher-resolution meteorological forecasts and climate projections contributing towards keeping people safe from flooding, now and for the future. 

Energy Systems

To make power system resilient to meteorological events happening on short time scales and climate change, this use case intends to improve energy system modelling for grid planning and resources adequacy assessment.

Air Quality

Weather events like heat waves or droughts are frequently accompanied by severe air pollution. In this context, the DestinE air quality use case develops an interactive air quality forecasting analysis system to assess the population exposure.


The Harvester Seasons service for forestry, a web based service, developed by Finnish Meteorological Institute FMI, will provide a Destination Earth Use Case with new high-resolution maps for forest trafficability over Europe.